Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Hemşirelerde Psikolojik Sıkıntı ve Yaşam Kalitesinin İncelenmesi


Özet Görüntüleme: 20 / PDF İndirme: 15

Yazarlar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12678613

Anahtar Kelimeler:

Covid-19, hemşire, pandemi, psikolojik sıkıntı, yaşam kalitesi

Özet

Hastaların bakımında birincil rol oynayan hemşireler virüsü taşıma riskinin yanı sıra virüsü bir başkasına bulaştırma, uzun ve yoğun çalışma şartları gibi olumsuzluklardan dolayı hem fiziksel hem de psikososyal sorunlarla karşılaşmaktadır. Aynı zamanda, hemşirelerin iş yükünün aşırı artması, enfeksiyon riski, ailelerine hastalık bulaştırma riski, izolasyon ve kısıtlamaların profesyonel yaşam kalitelerinde bunaltıcı bir düzeye gelmelerine sebep olmuştur. Bu çalışma, Covid-19 Pandemisi sürecinde hemşirelerdeki psikolojik sıkıntı ve yaşam kalitesinin incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu çalışma, İstanbul ili Avrupa bölgesinde bir eğitim ve araştırma hastanesinde pandemi sürecinde görev almış hemşireler ile tanımlayıcı tasarımda gerçekleştirilmiştir. Hastanede pandemi sürecinde görev alan 115 hemşire ile çalışma tamamlanmıştır. Çalışmanın verileri, “Kişisel Bilgi Formu”, “Profesyonel Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği”, “Psikolojik Sıkıntı Ölçeği” ile toplanmıştır. Çalışmada erkeklerin, evlilerin, kendisinin/yakınının Covid-19 tanısı alma korkusu olmayanların, Covid-19 tanısı almayanların psikolojik sıkıntı ölçeği puanları, çekirdek aile ve tek ebeveynli aile olanların mesleki tatmin puanları, Covid-19 tanısı alanların tükenmişlik puanları daha yüksek bulunmuştur. Psikolojik sıkıntı ölçeği puanları ile mesleki tatmin arasında pozitif yönde, zayıf derecede ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı (r=0,242; p=0,009), tükenmişlik ve eş duyum yorgunluğu arasında negatif yönde, orta derecede ve istatistiksel olarak anlamlı (p<0,05) bir ilişki tespit edilmiştir. Hemşirelere iş ve sosyal yaşamda psikolojik iyilik ve iş tatmini sağlayabilmek adına psikolojik destek sağlanmalı ve iş yükleri azaltılmalıdır.

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Yayınlanmış

30.05.2024

Nasıl Atıf Yapılır

Kaya Meral, D., & Kendirkıran, G. (2024). Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Hemşirelerde Psikolojik Sıkıntı ve Yaşam Kalitesinin İncelenmesi. Euroasia Journal of Mathematics, Engineering, Natural & Medical Sciences, 11(33), 28–41. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12678613

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