Investigation of the Effect of Peppermint Oil Inhalation on Postoperative Nausea- Vomiting and Comfort: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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Anahtar Kelimeler:Postoperative, peppermint oil, nausea-vomiting, comfort
This study aimed to determine the effect of peppermint oil inhalation on postoperative nausea, vomiting, and comfort. Randomized controlled stud. The population of the study consisted of patients who underwent surgery in the general surgery department of a hospital in western Turkey between January and February 2023. Using the block randomization method, the study was completed with 31 control and 31 experimental group patients. The data were collected with the personal information form, Apfel Score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)- Nausea severity, and the Comfort Scale. Student’s t-test, One-Way Analysis of Variance for Repeated Measures, Pearson correlation analysis, and Cohen’s and eta squared for effect size were used to analyze the data. The VAS nausea severity of the experimental group patients measured at postop 30 min., 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours was significantly lower than the control group (p<0.05). The vomiting rate of the control group until the postop 24. hour was found to be statistically higher than the experimental group (x2=6.643, p=0.024). Patients in the experimental group had statistically significantly higher total scores (p<0.001), and Relief (p<0.001), and Transcendence (p<0.001) sub-dimension scores of the General Comfort Scale than the control group. Our study shows that peppermint oil inhalation contributes to the reduction of postoperative nausea-vomiting symptoms and an increase in comfort level.
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