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Abstract


LOCAL PEPPER TYPE: GAZIANTEP PEPPER

Pepper vegetable species from all over the world as it is with more consumption in Turkey has an important place. It is grown in open field or under cover. While China takes the first place in pepper production in the world with 16 023 500 tons of pepper production in a total area of 709 150 hectares; Mexico ranks second with a production of 2,379 736 tons on an area of 136 132 ha. Turkey is carrying out the production of 2,072,132 tons of pepper in the area of 96 000 ha. With this value, it meets 6% of the total pepper production in the world. According to the data of TURKSTAT (2018), the total red pepper production amount is 179 264 tons, of which approximately 35.28% Ş.urfa, 30.62% G.antep, Kilis 16.45%, K.maraş 9.82% and Hatay 1.94%. The climate structure suitable for vegetable cultivation in our country and especially the climate difference in the regions has led to the formation of many pepper genotypes and types. Gaziantep (GB) pepper is intensely produced in the region due to its unique taste and aroma, rich nutritional content and high demand by the people of the region, and pepper is sent to markets outside the region. Dried pepper is also made up of local types, and the use of various forms (paste, industrial, dried, etc.) in the production of chili peppers makes a separate contribution to the regional economy by marketing these products outside the region. The fact that the cultivated varieties are replacing the indigenous varieties in the form of a population, the farmer cannot obtain as much yield as they want, the average yield is low due to the population, the old varieties or populations are in danger of disappearing with the introduction of new varieties in the region, the local pepper has been able to survive until today. It has also shown that it can be resistant to all biotic and abiotic stress factors. The fact that GB local pepper types have adapted very well to many characteristics, especially resistance to high heat and drought, and the region, enables them to be consumed in and around the region and to evaluate this plant material. It is necessary to work on especially domestic varieties and commercially important vegetable types. Therefore, conservation and breeding of such genotypes is an important necessity. Thus, it is thought that the enrichment of our gene resources will make a serious contribution to the increase in the production of local varieties that are lacking in our country.



Keywords
Keywords: Gaziantep, Industry, Paste, Drying Box, Biotic Abiotic Stress



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